Kiruthika Ragupathi
Associate Director (Educational Technology & Research)
Centre for Development of Teaching and  Learning  
National University of Singapore

Web  kiruthikaragu.wordpress.com | blog.nus.edu.sg/cdtkdr/
Google Profile scholar.google.com.sg/citations?user=aLoI4bQAAAAJ&hl

Kiruthika Ragupathi is an Associate Director for Educational Technology and Research at CDTL, and has been with the Centre since 1997. In her current role, she co-leads and plans the Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programme and the core module for PDP-T. She designs and conducts training on various topics including technology enhanced learning, student engagement and assessment. She also oversees the centralised teaching quality instruments at NUS—student feedback and peer review—working with her team on the ongoing development, analysis, reporting, operation, and implementation of the systems. Prior to joining NUS, she worked as a lecturer at an Indian higher education institution teaching in the Departments of Electronics and Avionics Engineering.

Her research work, past and present, focuses on educational development, educational technology and assessment. Within this, Kiruthika has a particular interest in the use of quantitative and qualitative student feedback to enhance teaching and learning, analysing pedagogical issues surrounding technology enhanced learning, understanding the learning processes and outcomes for learners engaged in technology-supported tasks, optimising instructor interventions in online forums, and the impact of gradeless learning on student motivation.

Kiruthika was awarded the Commendation Medal at the Singapore’s National Day Awards in 2014.

Ongoing Research Projects

  1. Using student feedback to enhance teaching practices and policies
    Student feedback for instructors (or student evaluation of teaching, SET) is widely used to make personnel decisions, yet its strength lies in the instructors’ systematic interpretation of data. SETs can provide reliable information on teacher characteristics and teaching effectiveness. However, it can be challenging for instructors to systematically engage in and use SET data to inform teaching development and improve quality of student learning. Insights from the study aim to: support instructors in utilizing data to guide reflection, regularly reassess their teaching strategies, and improve their teaching over time; align institutional policies and practices to support the strong developmental function of SET; build a dynamic professional development culture.
    Published works:
    1. Ragupathi, K. and Geertsema, J., (2017). Using student feedback to enhance teaching practices and policies. The 2nd EuroSoTL conference,Lund, Sweden, June 8-9 2017.

  2. Students’ Experience at NUS and at University Town Residential Colleges: A Longitudinal Study
    This study investigates the impact of the NUS University Town Residential Colleges on students' holistic development so as to gain a better understanding of the social and academic outcomes of the NUS student experience. The study analyses the online perception survey results, on-site field observations, focus group discussions and interviews for students who belonged to five sub-groups based on the residence arrangements to gain additional granularity with which to understand the NUS student experience. The study is aimed to help the university in understanding the distinctive features of student experience, the common and positive student outcomes at the respective living arrangements, and the conditions that foster positive outcomes (academic, intellectual and social).

  3. Assessing the Impacts of Grade-Free Learning
    This study analyzes an alternate form of assessment, gradeless learning. This study theoretically and geographically contextualizes the recent implementation of a gradeless learning policy at NUS and is a perception study on the impact of the policy has students and teachers at NUS.
    Published works:
    1. Chris McMorran, Kiruthika Ragupathi & Simei Luo (2017) Assessment and learning without grades? Motivations and concerns with implementing gradeless learning in higher education, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 42:3, 361-377, DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1114584
    2. Ragupathi, K. & McMorran, C. (2016). Freedom and Control in a Gradeless Learning environment. SRHE International Annual Research Conference 2016, New Port, United Kingdom, 7-9 December 2016.

  4. Investigating Instructor intervention in Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) forums
    MOOCs primarily depend on virtual discussion forum to foster interaction among instructors and students for learning purposes. Instructors use virtual discussion forum to communicate about course materials and encourage exchange of ideas and opinions among students. The pedagogical rationale for virtual discussion forum is social constructivism, through which students derive new knowledge by integrating their prior experience with communication involving other students. The study focuses on how the virtual discussion forum in MOOCs can be managed so that instructors can maximize the effects of their interventions in terms of helping students learn.
    Published Works:
    Kiruthika Ragupathi, Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Min-Yen Kan, and Bernard C.Y. Tan (2017). Investigating student learning in online discussion forums through a transactivity framework. International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL 2017), Calgary, Canada, 11-14 October 2017.

Past Research Projects

  1. Towards a Meaningful Evaluation of Scholarly Teaching in NUS
    This study was about exploring and studying some of the local contextual variables on which teaching evaluation/assessment is founded upon in NUS, examining the effectiveness of student ratings and peer review as important components of teaching assessment, and exploring the possibility of using mentorship and project work to improve teaching quality in NUS. 
    Published works:
    1. A paper titled “Profiling teacher/teaching using descriptors derived from qualitative feedback: formative and summative applications”, was published in Research in Higher Education, February 2009, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 73-100.
    2. A conference paper titled "Optimizing the use of Student Feedback for Effective Learning" was presented at the International Conference on Learning & Teaching (2010), Singapore, 9 - 11 Jun 2010.

  2. Teaching and Learning with Technology
    This research was aimed at finding the level of usage of IT and the skills level of faculty and students at NUS. Successful implementation depends primarily on faculty and student attitudes towards the use of IT in teaching and learning and the training and support provided for these tools. The study also hopes to identify the motivating or hindering factors that drive faculty and students towards the use of technology for their teaching and learning.
    Published works:
    1. An article entitled “Factors Affecting the Adoption of Information technology (IT) in Higher Education” was published in the CDTL Brief, April 2007, Vol 10, No. 2
    2. A conference paper titled Assessing the Impact of Technology on Teaching & Learning: Faculty & Student Perspectives” was presented at the 8th APRU Distance Learning and the Internet Conference 2007 to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, 12-15 Dec,  2007

  3. Lecturers’ attitudes about instructional styles
    The direction of the project and data analysis focused more on investigating how the Professional Development Programme (PDP) at NUS has influenced the teaching approaches of participants.
    Published works:
    1. A paper titled "Effects of a professional development programme on the development of teaching styles" was published in Journal of the NUS Teaching Academy (JNUSTA), Nov 2012, Vol 2, No.4.

  4. Scholarly Approach to Curation and Enrichment of Conference Lectures
    This project aims to curate and enrich these videos to enhance their intelligibility and accessibility for a wider audience of faculty. This study aims to promote the scholarship of teaching and learning within and beyond NUS as we collaboratively curate and make available our underused stock of videos so they can become part of a new form of encyclopedia that celebrates the polycentricity and collaborative nature of knowledge construction.

Key Publications

  1. Chris McMorran, Kiruthika Ragupathi & Simei Luo (2017) Assessment and learning without grades? Motivations and concerns with implementing gradeless learning in higher education, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 42:3, 361-377, DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1114584

  2. Ragupathi, K. & Hubball, H. (2015). Scholarly Approaches to Learning Technology Integration in a Research-Intensive University Context: Impact of a New Faculty Initiative, Transformative Dialogues, Volume 8, Issue 1. PDF

  3. Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Min-Yen Kan, Bernard C.Y. Tan and Kiruthika Ragupathi (2015). Towards Feasible Instructor Intervention in MOOC discussion forums. International Conference on Information Systems 2015 (ICIS 2015), Fort Worth, Texas from 13-16 December 2015.

  4. Pan, D., Ragupathi, K., & Ip, Y. K. (2012). Effects of a professional development programme on the development of teaching styles. Journal of the NUS Teaching Academy, 2(4), 170-191. PDF

  5. Ragupathi, K., & Lakshminarayanan S., (2012). Facilitating 21st Century Skills in Engineering Students. The Journal of Engineering Education, 26(1). PDF

  6. Pan, D., Tan, G. S. H., Ragupathi, K., Booluck, K., Roop, R., Ip, Y. K. (2009). Profiling Teacher/Teaching using Descriptors Derived from Qualitative Feedback: Formative and Summative Applications. Research in Higher Education, 50, 73–100. PDF

Selected Articles

  1. Chris McMorran, Kiruthika Ragupathi & Simei Luo (2017) Assessment and learning without grades? Motivations and concerns with implementing gradeless learning in higher education, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 42:3, 361-377, DOI: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1114584

  2. McMorran, C., Ragupathi, K., and Luo, S.  (2015). Assessment and learning without grades? Motivations and concerns with implementing gradeless learning in higher education. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education: 1-17.

  3. Ragupathi, K. & Hubball, H. (2015). Scholarly Approaches to Learning Technology Integration in a Research-Intensive University Context: Impact of a New Faculty Initiative, Transformative Dialogues, Volume 8, Issue 1.

  4. Ragupathi, K., (2015). Lights, Camera, Action!: Some tips on how to use videography as a learning tool: by Stephanie Lo‐Philip, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 21, Apr 2015. Blogpost | PDF

  5. Ragupathi, K., (2014).Virtually Vygotsky: Using Technology to Scaffold Student Learning: by Adrian Lee, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 20, 2014. Blogpost | PDF

  6. Ragupathi, K., (2014). How shall we know them? Learning through assessment : by Simon Watts, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 19, 2014. Blogpost | PDF

  7. Ragupathi, K., (2014). Leveraging Peer Feedback: by Damith Rajapakse, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 18, 2014. Blogpost | PDF

  8. Ragupathi, K., (2013). Online Assessments: by Erle Lim, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 17, 2013. Blogpost | PDF

  9. Ragupathi, K., (2013). Collaborative learning using Google Docs and Maps: by Chris McMorran, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 15, 2013. Blogpost | PDF

  10. Ragupathi, K., (2013). The slow road to flipping: by Ashish Lall & Laksh Samavedham, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 14, 2013. Blogpost | PDF

  11. Pan, D., Ragupathi, K., & Ip, Y. K. (2012). Effects of a professional development programme on the development of teaching styles. Journal of the NUS Teaching Academy, 2(4), 170-191.

  12. Ragupathi, K., & Lakshminarayanan S., (2012). Facilitating 21st Century Skills in Engineering Students. The Journal of Engineering Education, 26(1)

  13. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Gamification: How to do it Right and Why it is No Good: by Ben Leong, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 13, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  14. Ragupathi, K., (2012).Teaching Computational Thinking using Cloud Computing: by Tan Tin Wee, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 12, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  15. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Apps for educators: by Andreas Dewanto, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 11, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  16. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Using Multimodal Communications for Critical Thinking Assignments: by Jasmine Nadua Trice, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 10, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  17. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Using SMS to Increase Interaction with Students during Lectures: by Adrian Röllin, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 9, 2012. Blogpost | PDF 

  18. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Teaching Large Classes: Technology to the rescue!: by Akash Kumar, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 8, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  19. Ragupathi, K., (2012). If you can’t Say it, Voice it: Using Text-to-speech in Presentations: by Stephane Bressan, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 7, 2012. Blogpost | PDF

  20. Ragupathi, K., (2011). Using Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) to encourage peer learning and learner autonomy: Chris Harwood, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 6, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  21. Ragupathi, K., (2011). Wikis for Participatory Learning: by Eric Charles Thompson, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 5, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  22. Ragupathi, K., (2011). Enhancing Your Academic Reputation with Social Media: by Casey Chan, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 4, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  23. Ragupathi, K., (2011). Google Docs: The Lonely Craft of Writing: by Eleanor Wong, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 3, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  24. Ragupathi, K., (2011). The Lunchtime Guide to Student Blogging: by Anand Ramchand, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 2, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  25. Ragupathi, K., (2011). Facebook for Teaching and Learning: by Erik Mobrand, Technology in Pedagogy Series, No. 1, 2011. Blogpost | PDF

  26. Pan, D., Tan, G. S. H., Ragupathi, K., Booluck, K., Roop, R., Ip, Y. K. (2009). Profiling Teacher/Teaching using Descriptors Derived from Qualitative Feedback: Formative and Summative Applications. Research in Higher Education, 50, 73–100.

  27. Ragupathi, K., Booluck, K., Roop, R. (2007). Factors Affecting the Adoption of Information Technology (IT) in Higher Education. CDTLBrief, 10(2).

Selected Conference Presentations

  1. Kiruthika Ragupathi, Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Min-Yen Kan, and Bernard C.Y. Tan (2017). Investigating student learning in online discussion forums through a transactivity framework. International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL 2017), Calgary, Canada, 11-14 October 2017.

  2. Ragupathi, K. and Geertsema, J., (2017). Using student feedback to enhance teaching practices and policies. The 2nd EuroSoTL conference,Lund, Sweden, June 8-9 2017.

  1. Ragupathi, K. & McMorran, C. (2016). Freedom and Control in a Gradeless Learning environment. SRHE International Annual Research Conference 2016, New Port, United Kingdom, 7-9 December 2016.

  2. Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Min-Yen Kan, Bernard C.Y. Tan and Kiruthika Ragupathi (2015). Towards Feasible Instructor Intervention in MOOC discussion forums. International Conference on Information Systems 2015 (ICIS 2015), Fort Worth, Texas from 13-16 December 2015.

  3. Kiruthika Ragupathi, Lakshminarayanan Samavedham, Liew Shin Dee and Johan Geertsema (2015). Preparing future faculty through responsive postgraduate training programmes. Presented at the international conference on eLearning Forum Asia 2015 (eLFA2015), Singapore.

  4. Muthu Kumar Chandrasekaran, Min-Yen Kan, Bernard C.Y. Tan and Kiruthika Ragupathi (2015). Learning Instructor Intervention from MOOC Forums: Early Results and Issues. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Data Mining (EDM '15), Madrid, Spain.

  5. Ragupathi K., Lakshminarayanan S., & Soong S. K. (2013). Curriculum Innovation: An Inter-Institutional, Technology Enabled, Faculty Level Collaborative Model, Poster presentation at International Enhancement Themes Conference, Glasgow, United Kingdom, June 2013

  6. Ragupathi K., (2012). Building A Community Of Practice Through “Technology In Pedagogy” Series, Presented at the International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN12), Barcelona, Spain, July 2012

  7. Ragupathi, K., (2012). Enhancing Teaching and Learning Through Mid-Semester Student Feedback, Presented at the International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN12), Barcelona, Spain, July 2012

  8. Pan, D & Ragupathi, K, Optimizing the use of Student Feedback for Effective Learning. Presented at the International Conference on Learning & Teaching, Singapore, June 2010

  9. Chng H. H., & Ragupathi, K., Meeting the staff development and technology challenges at NUS. Presented at the Educating Pharmacists (Asia) Symposium (Invited paper), Singapore, April 2010

  10. Ragupathi K., & Booluck, K. M., Assessing the Impact of Technology on Teaching and Learning: Faculty and Student Perspectives. Presented at the Distance Learning And The Internet Conference (APRU DLI 2007), Bangkok, Thailand, December 2007

Selected Book Chapters

  1. Kiruthika, Ragupathi, “Instructional Media”. In Learning to Teach, Teaching to Learn: A Handbook for NUS Teachers, 5th ed., 175-186. Singapore: Centre for Development of Teaching and Learning (CDTL), 2008

  2. Kiruthika, Ragupathi, “Using Technology”. In The Effective Student, 16th ed., Singapore: Centre for Development of Teaching and Learning (CDTL), 2012

Other Positions Held

  1. Panel Member, Learning Innovation Fund – Technology (LIFT) Review Panel, NUS

  2. Organizing Committee member for National Technology enabled Learning Conference, Ministry of Education (MoE), Singapore

  3. Co-chairperson for the international symposium on “Technology-enhanced Learning”, TeL2013, National University of Singapore, Singapore

  4. Committee member, International Scientific Advisory Board, INTED2013, the 7th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia (Spain)

  5. Session Chair,  'ICT skills in Education' at EDULEARN12, the 4th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies organised by International Association of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), Barcelona, Spain

  6. Member, IT Task force @ Faculty of Engineering, NUS (2012-2013)